Як цитувати



The Seven Years' War played a crucial role in defining the world historical process of the 60-ies of the XVIII century and later period. It radically changed the European diplomatic configuration of that time and replaced the French dominance by the English one.
An analysis of the documentary sources and secret treaty concluded between the states reveals that the main ideological architect of the unusual end of the Seven Years' War, in particular, the withdrawal of Russian troops from Berlin, was King Friedrich II of Prussia. It was the idea of Friedrich II to change the vector of Russian foreign policy. As a result, the idea of neutralizing the Ottoman Empire southern direction turned out to be preferential for the Imperial Court of St. Petersburg compared with the previous northern vector. The article shows that these processes are caused by the Russian-Austrian "Greek Project", the concept of European redistribution, which takes its final shape in 1782. These conceptual problems are connected absolutely to all problems existing in the Caucasus, including the ones related to the foreign strategy or internal political processes of the Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti. On the one hand the contradictions created by the Imperial Court of St. Petersburg against Erekle II in regard of formation a Unified Caucasus State and the solution of other conceptual issues, fulfilled through intrigues, coups d'etat, planning the assassination of kings and the assassinations of European ambassadors, the systemic problems posed by the Ottoman Empire to the Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti and on the other hand, the consequences of the Greek Project implementation could bring to Georgia, the Caucasus region as a whole, to Europe and Russia, are reviewed in the current article. The organic union of these topics unequivocally confirms that the key for solving all problems of Georgia of the 50-90-ies of the XVIII century was related to the concept of European redistribution, the Greek Project, one of the main political products of the Seven Years' War.


Abrams L. (2010) Oral History Theory, London: Routledge

Arneth (1869). Joseph II und Katharina von Russland. Ihr Briefwechsel, hrsg. von Alfred, Ritter von Arneth, Wien

Anderson Fred (2001). The crucible of war. New York

Accession (1873) of Prussia to Russia. (project). Russian antiquity, No. (5). Pp. 705-713.

Brundage A. (2017) Going to the Sources: A Guide to Historical Research and Writing, 6th Edition. Wiley-Blackwell

Bloch M. (1952) Apologie pour l'histoire ou métier d'historien. Librairie Armand Colin, Paris

Bezobrazov P. (1892). About relations between Russia and France. Moscow

Collingwood R. (1993) The Idea of History. Rev. ed., edited and with a new introduction by J. van der Dussen, Clarendon Press, Oxford

Cherkasov P. P. (2010) Elizaveta Petrovna and Louis XV: Russian-French relations, 1741-1762. M.

Chinyakov M.K. (2010 ) Russia (USSR) in "coalition wars" from the Thirty Years' War to World War II: to the problem statement. National Security. - M .: Nota Bene, (11-12). p 85-95

Defeat of Prussia by Russian troops. 1756-1762 The documents. Management of the State Archives of the NKVD of the USSR. - [M], 1943. 87 s

Frederick the Great (1877) Notes of Frederick the Great about his political relations with Russia in the first half of the 18th century. Russian Archive, book. I, (I). -M. pp. 5-21.

Frederick the Great (1848) Analysis of the actions of Frederick the Great in the second campaign of the Seven Years War. Extract from Militurische Briefe eines Verstorben an seine noch Ubende Preunde. Letter 63, Olympus, 30.IX.1843 Military Journal. - No. 1. - St. Petersburg, 1-31.

Volz, Berthold Gustav (2006) Friedrich der Große. Historische, militärische und philosophische Schriften,Gedichte und Briefe, Anaconda Verlag, Köln

Gregory I., Ell Paul S. (2008) Historical GIS: Technologies, Methodologies, and Scholarship, Cambridge University Press

Griffiths D. (2013) Did Ekaterina the Great Have the «Greek Project” Ekaterina the Great and Her World: articles of various years. (pp 349-368) М.: “Novoe Literaturnoe Obozrenie”

Guruli V. (2013) Treaty of Georgievsk (1783) Tbilisi: “Universal”

Harris D. (1874) Lord Malmesbury. Russia during the reign of Catherine II (correspondence of the English envoy at the court of Catherine II, 1778-1783). Russian archive, book. 1, (6), 1465-1512;

Harris D. (1874) Lord Malmesbury. Russia during the reign of Catherine II (correspondence of the English envoy at the court of Catherine II, 1778-1783). Russian archive, book. 2, (7), 143-186;

Harris D. (1874), Lord Malmesbury. Russia during the reign of Catherine II (correspondence of the English envoy at the court of Catherine II, 1778-1783). Russian archive, book. 2, (8), 349-440;

Harris D. (1874) Lord Malmesbury. Russia during the reign of Catherine II (correspondence of the English envoy at the court of Catherine II, 1778-1783). Russian archive, book. 2 (11), 737-822;

Hughes-Warrington M (2007) Fifty Key Thinkers on History, London: Routledge

Harding R. (2002) Seapower and naval warfare 1650-1830. London

Iggers G., Wang Q. Edward (2013) A Global History of Modern Historiography, Routledge

Iriye A. (2012) Global and Transnational History: The Past, Present, and Future, New York: Palgrave Pivot

Ivonin Yu. I. (2007) Venzel Anton Kaunits. Questions of history. No. 4. p 27-50;

Kaldellis A. (2014) A New Herodotos. Laonikos Chalkokondyles on the Ottoman Empire, the Fall of Byzantium, and the Emergence of the West, Dumbarton Oaks

Koselleck R. (2004) Futures Past: On the Semantics of Historical Time, Columbia University Press

Koselleck R.(2002) The Practice of Conceptual History: Timing History, Spacing Concepts, Palo Alto: Stanford University Press

Lukacs J. (2000) Student’s Guide to the Study of History, ISI Books

Langlois C, Seignobos C. (1992) Introduction aux études historiques. Editions Kimé, Paris

Lambert P., Schofield P (2004) Making History: An introduction to the history and practices of a discipline. Routledge

Letters exchanged between Ekaterina the Great and the German Emperor Joseph II, 1774-1790 (1880) «Russian Archive» Vil. 1. М.,. 210-335 pp

Liven D. (2012) Russia and the Great European States: Semitic War in Global Context. The Great and the Languages of the Russian Empire: International Scientific Collection 50-year Р. Airapetov. М. 17-34

Martens F. (1880) Collection of Treaties and Conventions, Executed by Russia with Foreign States. Vol. 5: Treaties with Germany. 1656-1762. СПб.

Martens F. (1883) Collection of Treaties and Conventions, Executed by Russia with Foreign States. Vol. 6, Treaties with Germany. 1762-1808, СПб.

Madariaga I (1981) Russia in the Age of Catherine the Great. L.

Macharadze V. (1968) Materials on the history of Russian-Georgian relations in the second half of the 18th century. part. 2, Ambassador of Teimuraz II to Russia. Tbilisi: TSU

Markova O. (1986) How the So-Called «Greek Project» Originated. (The 80-s of the XVIII century) (pp 5-46) Problems of Methodology and Source Studies of the External Politics of Russia. М.

Munro D., Reid J. (2017) Clio’s Lives: Biographies And Autobiographies Of Historians, Acton: ANU Press,

Natsvaladze M. Georgia and the Secret Project for Redistribution Europe 70-80s of the 18th century, LXXVI International Scientific Review of the Problems and Prospects of Modern Science and Education, (p 38-46) Boston. USA. - 23 December, 2020

Natsvaladze M. Greek Project – Clue to the History of Georgia 50-90-ies of XVIII Century. XXIII International Scientific and Practical Conference Social and Economic Aspects of Education in Modern Society. (Vol.1, p. 38-43) November 25, 2020, Warsaw, Poland.

Natsvaladze M. (2020) Sensational Unknown Facts from Georgian Diplomacy of 90-ies of XVIII Century, International Journal of Innovative Technologies in Social Science. No 7(28) p.77-85

Natsvaladze M. Explanation of one conceptual subtext of a “Greek Project”, XI International Conference. Science and Practice: a new level of integration in the modern world, Scope Academic House, (p 164-168) September, 10 - November, 30, 2020, Sheffield, UK

Natsvaladze M. Capuchin Monks and the Russian Agents in Georgia in the 80s of the 18th Century, Bridge to science: research works. San Francisco, California, USA September 10-december 15 2020 p 154-159

Natsvaladze M (2020). Unknown Details of the 1795 Ambassadorial Mission of Georgia to Europe. 15th International Silk Road Virtual Conference. Conference Proseedings (Silk Road 2020), (P 218-228) Oct. 09-10, 2020, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Natsvaladze M. (2020) Unknown details of the confrontation between the special services at the Royal Court of Irakli II, November 27-29, 2020, Tbilisi, Telavi, Technical University, Telavi State University, International scientific and educational conference dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the birth of Irakli II, (Part 1, pp. 172-183) Tbilisi Telavi 2020,

Natsvaladze M. (2021) Unknown backstages of Georgian Diplomacy in the 80-ies of the XVIII Century, European Journal of Humanities and Educational Advancements (EJHEA) Vol. 2 No. 1, pp 84-91

Natsvaladze M. Russian Empire and Georgian-Austrian Diplomatic Relations in the 80s of the XVIII century. «Humanities and Social Sciences in Europe: Achievements and Perspectives». Proceedings of the 7th International symposium (pp 12-26) January 25, 2020. Premier Publishing s.r.o. Vienna. 2021.

Natsvaladze M. Unknown anatomy of Georgian diplomatic assassinations. Scientific Collection «InterConf», (42): 1st International Scientific and Practical Conference «Theory and Practice of Science: Key Aspects» (pp. 623-645) February 19-20, 2021, Rome, Italy.

Natsvaladze , M.. The Caucasian GambiT of World Emperes and Erekle II, Collection of scientific papers «ΛΌГOΣ» with Proceedings of the II International Scientific and Practical Conference (Vol. 2, pp 161-176), Oxford,May 28,2021.

Natsvaladze M. (2020) Georgian-Austrian Unknown Preludes to Georgievski's Treatise, Collection of Scientific Papers, Iakob Gogebashvili Telavi State University № 1 (33) p. 31-43

Natsvaladze M (2020). Georgian Paradigms of the Greek Project, Kartvelian Heritage XXIV, Kutaisi, p. 124-139

Natsvaladze (2021) Russian Dramaturgy of the assassinations of the European ambassadors Erekle II. Scientific journal No. 4 (59), Moscow 29-41

Natsvaladze M. “Persian Project” – one part Erekle’s safe Caucasus model, Collection of scientific papers «ΛΌГOΣ» with Proceedings of the I International Scientific and Practical Conference (Vol. 4), Cambridge, March 19, 2021. Cambridge-Vinnytsia: P.C. Publishing House & European Scientific Platform, 2021. pp. 82-91

Natsvaladze M. Georgian-Austrian political variations of the 80-ies of the XVIII century. Scientific Collection «InterConf», (50): with the Proceedings of the 8thInternational Scientific and Practical Conference «Scientific Horizon in The Context of Social Crises» (April11-12, 2021). Tokyo, Japan:Otsuki Press, 2021. p 351-363

Natsvaladze M. Paradigms for the State Security Model of Erekle II. Scientific Collection «InterConf», (53): with the Proceedings of the 7th International Scientific and Practical Conference «International Forum: Problems and Scientific Solutions» (April 25-26, 2021). Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing House, 2021. P. 322-342

Note on the Greek project made with the hand of the Empress Ekaterina, Editor N. K.Schilder, (1892) “Russkaya Starina” Т. 76. № 10. pp 1–4.

Paichadze G (1965) Russian-Georgian relations in 1725-1735. Academy of Sciences of the Georgian SSR, Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography. I.A. Javakhishvili. Tbilisi

Quigley C. (1979) The evolution of civilizations. An introduction to historical analysis, Publisher: Liberty Fund Inc.

Ragsdale H. (1988) Evaluating the traditions od Russian agression: Catherine II and the Greek Project. Slavonic and East Europeen Review. L., Vol. 66. N 1;

Raaflaub K. (2010) Thinking, Recording, and Writing History in the Ancient World, Wiley-Blackwell,.

Szabo F.A. (1994) Kaunitz and Enlightened Absolutism 1753—1780. Cambridge,

Szabo F. A. (2008) The seven years war in Europe 1756-1763. London

Scott H.M (2006) The birth of a great power system. Harlow

Shvelidze D. (2005) European information about Irakle II: (based on the materials of the St. Petersburg Gazette), Tbilisi

Shvelidze D. (2014) Patronage and conquest of Georgia by Russia, Tbilisi, Meridiani

Seven Years War (1948). Materials about the actions of the Russian army and navy in 1756-1762. The documents. Main Archive Directorate of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs. Central State Military Historical Archive of the USSR. M Military publishing house of the Ministry of the Armed Forces of the USSR.

Tamarashvili M. (1902) History of Catholicism among Georgians with the introduction and explanations of real documents from the XIII century to the XX century. Tbilisi

Tamarashvili M. (1995) Georgian Church from the Dawn to These Days, “Kandeli”, Tbilisi

Tabaghua I. (1979) Georgia at the International Arena in the Second Half of the XVIII Century, Tbilisi

Tukhashvili L. (1983) Russia and the Socio-Political Movement in Eastern Georgia: The Second Half of the 18th Century, Tbilisi. Science

Tsagareli (1891) Charters and other historical documents of the 18th century, related to Georgia, T. I: From 1768 to 1774 St. Petersburg..

Tsagareli (1898) Charters and other historical documents of the 18th century, related to Georgia, Ed. A. A. Tsagareli. T. II. Issue 1: Georgian Texts from 1768 to 1801. St. Petersburg

Tsagareli (1902) Charters and Other Historical Documents of the XVIII Century Related to Georgia. Under the editing of А. А. Tsagareli. Vol. II. 2 stedition: from 1769 to 1801. Saint Petersburg

Zorin A. (2001) «Feeding the Double Eagle». Russian literature and state ideology in the last third of the XVIII andthe first third of the XIX century. М.:»Novoe Literaturnoe Obozrenie»

Creative Commons License

Ця робота ліцензується відповідно до Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Дані завантаження ще не доступні.

| Переглядів: 26 | Завантажень: 36 |