“DEBATE” INTERACTIVE TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS (On the results of participation in the German-Ukrainian Project “Youth Debates”)
This article focuses on the implementation of interactive technologies, namely “Debate”, into the modern educational process. It is one of the actual themes and important necessities of the present situation. It determines the proposed study relevance because it is important to teach students to have an active life position, to be able to argue, to defend their point of view. The main objective of the study is to summarize and generalize the practical experience of application debate technologies in Ukrainian and German educational practice, based on the results of participation in the German-Ukrainian Project “Youth Debates” and how to use debates at school while teaching different subjects. To achieve the objective some problems have been solved such as: to reveal peculiarities of teaching debate technologies in the context of modern Ukrainian postgraduate pedagogical education; to determine the steps of actions while introducing debatable technologies at school; to consider aspects of the practical implementation of debate technologies in the educational process on the example of the educational institution "Gymnasium with secondary school of the first degree" Kostiantynivka city, Donetsk region, Ukraine: to regard the experience in organizing online debates using remote technologies in Ukraine. While writing this article the following research methods have been used: 1) theoretical: system analysis, abstraction, generalization, comparison, systematization and classification of the received information and its interpretation; 2) empirical: method of survey and questionnaire, method of comparative analysis of the obtained results, expert evaluation. Several stages of preparation to debates have been taken into account. The conclusions show that debate is an innovative pedagogical technology aimed to develop a many-sided personality and creates conditions for the high school students’ active civic position formation in a holistic pedagogical process, ensuring the dialogic nature of learning. Students can acquire both educational and cognitive abilities not only in the scientific sphere, but also obtain socially useful experience.
Debates, as pedagogical technology, can be characterized not only by criteria of manageability and reproducibility, but also by guaranteed efficiency. All of this allows us to solve the main task of the education system for a civil and democratic society - to foster erudite citizens. Only students with high culture and flexible thinking, purposeful, self-confident, free from stereotypes will be able to get integrated into European civil and cultural space.
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